Exo 40:6-35

6 You shall set the altar of burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting,

6 to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved.

7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, EPH 1:6-7

We have an altar from which those who serve the tent have no right to eat. HEB 13:10

He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world. 1JN 2:2

9 In this the love of God was made manifest among us, that God sent his only Son into the world, so that we might live through him.

10 In this is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. 1JN 4:9-10

10 You shall also anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and sanctify the altar, so that the altar may become most holy.

Zevachim 87a:11

The mishna teaches: Just as the altar sanctifies items, so too, the ramp and the service vessels sanctify items. With regard to this halakha, the Sages taught: The verse states: “Whatever touches the altar shall become sacred” (Exo 29:37). From here I have derived only that the altar sanctifies items. From where is it derived that the ramp sanctifies items as well? The verse states: “You shall also anoint the altar [et hamizbe’aḥ]” (Exo 40:10), and the addition of the word et serves to include the ramp. With regard to service vessels, from where is it derived that they sanctify items? The verse states with regard to them: “Whatever touches them will become sacred” (Exo 30:29).

And the angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God.” LUK 1:35

13 and put on Aaron the holy garments. And you shall anoint him and consecrate him, that he may serve me as priest.

For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure. JOH 3:34

John Gill

For he whom God has sent—Still meaning Christ, who was sent in human nature, in the likeness of sinful flesh, in the fulness of time; to be the Savior of the world, of that which was lost, of the chief of sinners; and to preach the glad tidings of the gospel, which is more especially here designed; and for which he was abundantly qualified by the Spirit of God, with which he was anointed.

Utters the words of God—The words which God gave unto him; the doctrines of grace; the word of truth; the word of faith; the word of righteousness; the word of reconciliation; the words of salvation and eternal life; the whole mind and will of God; and whatever he spoke were as true as the oracles of God.

For he he gives the Spirit without measure—As he did to the prophets of the Old Testament, and to the apostles of the New; and to the ordinary ministers of the word, who have gifts differing one from another; to one is given one gift of the Spirit; and to another, another gift, as the Spirit pleaseth; and to everyone is given grace, or gifts of grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ (Eph 4:7). To which agrees what the Jews say of the Holy Spirit, and his gifts.

“Says R. Joden bar R. Simeon, even the waters which descend from above are not given, but, ‘in measure’—Says R. Acha, even the Holy Spirit, which dwells upon the prophets, does not dwell, ‘in weight.’ ”

But the Lord Jesus has every gift of the Spirit, and the fulness of grace in him: he is anointed with the oil of gladness, with the Holy Spirit above his fellows; and has an immeasurable unction of the Holy One; which, like the precious oil poured on Aaron, descends from him to the members of his body.

And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth. JOH 17:19

10 And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

29 How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserved by the one who has trampled underfoot the Son of God, and has profaned the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has outraged the Spirit of grace? HEB 10:10, 29

20 But you have been anointed by the Holy One, and you all have knowledge.

27 But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie—just as it has taught you, abide in him. 1JN 2:20, 27

16 This Moses did; according to all that the Lord commanded him, so he did.

teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age. MAT 28:20

John Gill

Teaching them to observe all—All ordinances, not only baptism, but the Lord’s supper; all positive institutions, and moral duties; all obligations, both to God and men; all relative duties that respect the world, or one another, those that are without, and those that are within; and these are to be taught them, and therefore to be insisted on in the ministry of the word; and not merely in order that they may know them, and have the theory of them, but that the may put them into practice.

That I have commanded you—Every thing that Christ has commanded, be it what it will, and nothing else; for Christ’s ministers are not to teach for doctrines the commandments of men; or enjoin that on the churches, which is of their own, or other men’s devising, and was never ordered by Christ.

And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age—Meaning, not merely to the end of their lives, which would be the end of the age to them; nor to the end of the Jewish age, or state, which was not a great way off, though this is sometimes the sense of this phrase; but to the end of the age to come, the gospel church state, which now took place; or to the end of the present age, the universe: not that the apostles should live to the end of it; but that whereas Christ would have a church and people to the end of the age, and the gospel and the ordinances of it should be administered so long, and there should be gospel ministers till that time; Christ’s sense is, that he would grant his presence to them, his immediate disciples, and to all that should succeed them in future generations, to the end of time: and which is to be understood not of his corporeal presence, which they should not have till then, but of his spiritual presence; and that he would be with them, in a spiritual sense, to assist them in their work, to comfort them under all discouragements, to supply them with his grace, and to protect them from all enemies, and preserve from all evils; which is a great encouragement both to administer the word and ordinances, and attend on them.

Moreover, it is required of stewards that they be found faithful. 1CO 4:2

17 In the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, the tabernacle was erected.

Rosh Hashanah 3a:12

And it is written: “After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon” (Deu 1:4). And it says: “And when the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negeb, heard” (Num 33:40). And it says: “And when all the congregation saw that Aaron had perished, they wept for Aaron thirty days” (Num 20:29). And it says: “In the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, the tabernacle was established” (Exo 40:17).

22 He put the table in the tent of meeting, on the north side of the tabernacle, outside the veil,


On the north side of the tabernacle—In the north half of the width of the house (Yoma 33b).

Side—This must be understood as the Targum renders it: the side, like the thigh that is on a person’s side.

To me, though I am the very least of all the saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, EPH 3:8

26 He put the golden altar in the tent of meeting before the veil,

You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred? MAT 23:19

I knew that you always hear me, but I said this on account of the people standing around, that they may believe that you sent me. JOH 11:42

Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them. HEB 7:25

For since the law has but a shadow of the good things to come instead of the true form of these realities, it can never, by the same sacrifices that are continually offered every year, make perfect those who draw near. HEB 10:1

My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. 1JN 2:1

30 He set the basin between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it for washing,

let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. HEB 10:22

The Glory of the Lord

34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

and the sanctuary was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from his power, and no one could enter the sanctuary until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished. REV 15:8

3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God.”

23 And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb.

24 By its light will the nations walk, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it, REV 21:3, 23-24

35 And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.


Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting—But another verse says (Num 7:89), “And when Moses would enter the tent of meeting.” There comes, however, a third verse and reconciles these apparently contradictory verses, for it says here “because the cloud settled on it.” Hence you may say: so long as the cloud was on it “he was not able to enter,” but as soon as the cloud disappeared he would enter and spoke with him (Sifra, Braita d’Rabbi Yishmael 18).

Yoma 4b:9

Rabbi Zerika raised a contradiction between verses before Rabbi Elazar, and some say that Rabbi Zerika said that Rabbi Elazar raised a contradiction: It is written in one place: “And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud dwelt on it” (Exo 40:35), as Moses was unable to enter the cloud. And it is written elsewhere: “Moses entered the cloud” (Exo 24:18). This teaches that the Holy One, blessed be he, grabbed Moses and brought him into the cloud since he could not enter on his own.

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