Exo 39:22-43

22 He also made the robe of the ephod woven all of blue,

Zevachim 88b:2

With regard to the priestly vestments, the Sages taught in a baraita: The robe of the high priest was sewn entirely of sky-blue, as it is stated: “He also made the robe of the ephod woven all of sky-blue” (Exo 39:22). With regard to its hem, concerning which it states: “On the hem of the robe they made pomegranates of sky blue and purple and scarlet, twined” (Exo 39:24), how were they fashioned? The tailor brings sky-blue yarns, and purple yarns, and scarlet yarns, which are twined together, and fashions them to appear as pomegranates that have not opened their mouths, i.e., they are sewn in the appearance of pomegranates that are not yet ripe enough for the crown on top to open, and as the cones of the helmets that are found on the heads of children.

24 On the hem of the robe they made pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen.

Yoma 71b:10

The Gemara continues to explain the baraita. That the use of the term twined implies that the thread should be spun from eight strands, from where do we derive this? As it is written: “On the hem of the robe they made pomegranates of sky-blue and purple and scarlet, twined” (Exo 39:24); and derive a verbal analogy from the term “twined” used in this verse and the term “twined” from the verse about the curtain: Just as there, with regard to the curtain, there are twenty-four strands, as will be explained, so too here, there are twenty-four strands in total. And since each pomegranate is made of three colors, sky-blue, purple, and scarlet, it must be that each one of them was spun from eight strands.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, GAL 5:22

26 a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate around the hem of the robe for ministering, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Sotah 9b:22

The verse continues: “To move him [lefa’amo] in Mahaneh Dan.” Rabbi Yitzḥak of the school of Rabbi Ami says: This teaches that the divine presence jangled before him, inspiring him, like a bell [zog], as it is written here: “To move him [lefa’amo] in Mahaneh Dan,” and it is written there with regard to the clothing of the high priest: “A bell [pa’amon] and a pomegranate” (Exo 39:26).

And behold, a woman who had suffered from a discharge of blood for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment, MAT 9:20

27 They also made the coats, woven of fine linen, for Aaron and his sons,

the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: ROM 3:22

But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires. ROM 13:14

For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. GAL 3:27

6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,

7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.

8 And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. PHP 2:6-8

Therefore, preparing your minds for action, and being sober-minded, set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. 1PE 1:13

28 and the turban of fine linen, and the caps of fine linen, and the linen undergarments of fine twined linen,


And the caps means the beauty of the caps—this is equivalent to: the caps.

30 They made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote on it an inscription, like the engraving of a signet, “Holy to the Lord.”

Gittin 20b:1

Isn’t there a need to write it, as the verse states with regard to the frontplate: “Wrote on it an inscription, like the engraving of a signet” (Exo 39:30), and there is no writing here? The Gemara answers: It means that the frontplate was fashioned like the form of gold dinars but not entirely like the form of gold dinars. It was fashioned like the form of gold dinars in that the writing protrudes. But it was not fashioned like the form of gold dinars entirely, as there, in the case of gold dinars, the pressing of the stamp is done from the inside, by pushing back the surrounding area to allow the form to be visible, and here, when fashioning the frontplate, it was done from the outside, by applying pressure to the opposite side so that the letters were pushed outward. Since the letters were carved directly, it was considered to be inscription.

And because of him you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption, 1CO 1:30

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. 2CO 5:21

who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works. TIT 2:14

He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, HEB 1:3

For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. HEB 7:26

and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God,

and they shall reign on the earth. REV 5:10

32 Thus all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting was finished, and the people of Israel did according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses; so they did.


The people of Israel did the work according to all that the Lord had commanded.

teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age. MAT 28:20

John Gill

Teaching them to observe all—All ordinances, not only baptism, but the Lord’s supper; all positive institutions, and moral duties; all obligations, both to God and men; all relative duties that respect the world, or one another, those that are without, and those that are within; and these are to be taught them, and therefore to be insisted on in the ministry of the word; and not merely in order that they may know them, and have the theory of them, but that the may put them into practice.

That I have commanded you—Every thing that Christ has commanded, be it what it will, and nothing else; for Christ’s ministers are not to teach for doctrines the commandments of men; or enjoin that on the churches, which is of their own, or other men’s devising, and was never ordered by Christ.

And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age—Meaning, not merely to the end of their lives, which would be the end of the age to them; nor to the end of the Jewish age, or state, which was not a great way off, though this is sometimes the sense of this phrase; but to the end of the age to come, the gospel church state, which now took place; or to the end of the present age, the universe: not that the apostles should live to the end of it; but that whereas Christ would have a church and people to the end of the age, and the gospel and the ordinances of it should be administered so long, and there should be gospel ministers till that time; Christ’s sense is, that he would grant his presence to them, his immediate disciples, and to all that should succeed them in future generations, to the end of time: and which is to be understood not of his corporeal presence, which they should not have till then, but of his spiritual presence; and that he would be with them, in a spiritual sense, to assist them in their work, to comfort them under all discouragements, to supply them with his grace, and to protect them from all enemies, and preserve from all evils; which is a great encouragement both to administer the word and ordinances, and attend on them.

who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God’s house. HEB 3:2

They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.” HEB 8:5

33 Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses, the tent and all its utensils, its hooks, its frames, its bars, its pillars, and its bases;


Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses, for they were unable to erect it. Since Moses had done no work in the tabernacle, the Holy One, blessed is he, left for him the task of erecting it, for nobody was able to set it up because of the weight of the frames which no human strength was capable of setting up. Moses, however, succeeded in placing it in position. Moses said to the Holy One, blessed be he, “How is its erection possible by human beings?” God answered him: “You be busy with your hand!” He appeared to be erecting it, but in fact it set itself up and rose of its own accord. That is why Scripture says (Exo 40:17), “the tabernacle was erected”—was erected by itself. This is a Midrash of Rabbi Tanchuma 2:11:11.

35 the ark of the testimony with its poles and the mercy seat;

5 Above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. Of these things we cannot now speak in detail.

8 By this the Holy Spirit indicates that the way into the holy places is not yet opened as long as the first section is still standing HEB 9:5, 8

37 the lampstand of pure gold and its lamps with the lamps set and all its utensils, and the oil for the light;

14 You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.

15 Nor do people light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a stand, and it gives light to all in the house.

16 In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven. MAT 5:14-16

that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and twisted generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world, PHP 2:15

42 According to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the people of Israel had done all the work.

Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth. 2TI 2:15

I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. 2TI 4:7

43 And Moses saw all the work, and behold, they had done it; as the Lord had commanded, so had they done it. Then Moses blessed them.


Then Moses blessed them—He said to them “May it be the will of God that his glory rest upon the work of your hands; ‘let the favor of the Lord our God be upon us’ ” (Psa 90:17) (Sifra, Shemini, Mechilta d’Miluim 2 15). This is part of one of the eleven psalms in “A prayer of Moses” (Psa 90:1) (Bamidbar Rabbah 12:9).

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